The Supreme Administrative Court of the Republic of Poland is the court if last resort in administrative cases e.g. those betweens private citizens (or corporations) and administrative bodies. This court deals with appeals from lower administrative courts called Voivodship Administrative Courts. The Supreme Administrative Court is located in Warsaw. It consists of The President of Supreme Administrative Court, Vice Presidents and judges. The Supreme Administrative Court is divided into three chambers: Commercial Chamber, Financial Chamber and General Administrative Chamber. The actual president of a court is Marek Zirk Sadowski.
The Supreme Court of the Republic of Poland (Sąd Najwyższy) is the court of last resort of appeal against judgements in the lower courts. It supervises the adjudication in:
General courts – these are district, regional, and appeal courts. They adjudicate in the areas of civil, criminal, family and labour law.
Military courts – that is circuit and garrison courts. They deal with matters relating to crimes committed by soldiers in active service, civilian employees in military units, and prisoners of war.
It also passes resolutions to clarify specific legal provisions and resolve disputable questions in specific cases.
Rector of the University of Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński – The University of Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński has been one of the most frequently chosen public universities in Poland. At present, there are 16 000 students studying at 10 faculties. The University offers studies in Humanities as well as in Science. Students can choose from a wide scope of degree programmes. The University also participates in many scholarship programmes. Since 2000, it has been participating in the ERASMUS programme, and since 2014 in the ERASMUS +, offering opportunities for studying abroad. Students also have the possibility to be awarded national scholarships at 19 Polish universities in the MOST student mobility programme.
Rector of the Łazarski University – studying at Łazarski University means studying at one of the most prestigious universities in Poland. Łazarski University is an internationally-oriented institution with over 4500 students. Its Faculty of Law and Administration has been ranked number one among non-public universities for five years in a row according to “Dziennik Gazeta Prawna”, a leading legal newspaper, and the university consistently ranks in the top five among non-public universities in rankings published by “Rzeczpospolita” and “Perspektywy”. Most recently, Łazarski University was ranked as the best university in Poland by U-Multirank, a global ranking funded by the European Commission of over 1200 universities worldwide.
CASE – Center for Social and Economic Research an independent, non-profit research institute founded on the idea that research-based policy-making is vital for the economic welfare of societies. Established in Warsaw in 1991, CASE today is recognized as the top think tank in Central and Eastern Europe and is one of the most highly regarded think tanks internationally. CASE carries out policy-oriented research and development assistance projects, specializing in the areas of growth and trade, fiscal policy, labour/social policy/demography, and innovation/energy/climate.
A Mazovian Voivodeship Marshal is the head of the provincial-level government for Mazovian region. Elected by councillors from the provincial assembly, the Marshal is the head of the collective voivodeship executive board, which acts as the de facto cabinet for the region. The Marshal’s office provides technical, legal, organizational, and bureaucratic support for each of these bodies in the daily running of the voivodeship. In times of emergency or threats to life, public health, security, or material loss in the province, the marshal is reserved extraordinary executive powers normally reserved for the collective executive board as a whole to make decisions.
The Kozminski University, founded in 1993, is a private institution of higher education with full academic rights. The educational offer includes: management (in Polish and English), management in virtual environments (in Polish and English), finance and accounting (in Polish and English), economics – international markets, law, administration, as well as social sciences in management: business and media sociology and psychology in management. Since 2009 Kozminski University is classified in the prestigious educational rankings provided by the ‘Financial Times’ – Business School Rankings, which include the best universities from around the world. Moreover, Kozminski University holds three international accreditations: EQUIS, AMBA and AACSB.
Uniwersytet Warszawski was founded in 1816. Studies at the University of Warsaw hold high positions in international rankings. Taking into account the total number of research universities that reaches 20 thousand, the University of Warsaw is among the top two per cent of the world’s best universities. The University of Warsaw conducts the largest research enterprise of its kind in Europe by monitoring the careers of former students. Results demonstrate that having a diploma from the University of Warsaw is a definite asset in the job market; 94% of respondents have found employment after graduation.
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities was established in 1996. It is the first private University in Poland. The University has been ranked by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education as the leading higher education institution offering Social Sciences programs in Poland. Since its inception, SWPS University has been investing in research and development. Annually, it conducts over 300 research projects, in 20 research centers and laboratories. The University is the 5th biggest beneficiary of research grants awarded by the National Science Center. SWPS University offers over 30 undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral study programs with over 70 specializations. Students may choose programs in Psychology, Law, Business Studies, Language Studies, Journalism, Communication Studies, Cultural Studies, and Sociology.